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Louisville - Town vs. County Stats

Louisville - Town vs. County Stats

Avg Price in Louisville: $332,800 / County Avg $356,500

47%

Avg Sq. Ft. in Louisville: 2,502 / County Avg 2,616

48%

Avg Price per/ft2 in Louisville: $133 / County Avg $136

98%

Avg Walkscore in Louisville: 30 / County Avg 30

51%

Avg Year Built in Louisville: 1968 / County Avg 1969

50%

Avg Days on Website in Louisville: 78 / County Avg 80

49%

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Louisville is the largest city in the Commonwealth of Kentucky and the 28th most populous city in the United States. It is the state's only designated first-class city. Louisville is the historical seat and, since 2003, the nominal seat of Jefferson County.

Lousville was founded in 1778 by George Rogers Clark and is named after King Louis XVI of France, making Louisville one of the oldest cities west of the Appalachian Mountains. Sited beside the Falls of the Ohio, the only major obstruction to river traffic between the upper Ohio River and the Gulf of Mexico, the settlement first grew as a portage site. It was the founding city of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad, which grew into a 6,000-mile (9,700 km) system across 13 states. Today the city is known as the home of the Kentucky Derby, Kentucky Fried Chicken, the University of Louisville and its Louisville Cardinals athletic teams, Louisville Slugger baseball bats, and three of Kentucky's six Fortune 500 companies. Its main airport is also the site of UPS's worldwide air hub.

Since 2003, Louisville's borders have been coterminous with those of Jefferson County because of a city-county merger. The official name of this consolidated city-county government is the Louisville/Jefferson County Metro Government, with Louisville Metro used for short. Despite the merger and renaming, the term "Jefferson County" continues to be used in some contexts in reference to Louisville Metro, particularly including the incorporated cities outside the "balance" which make up Louisville proper. The city's total consolidated population as of the 2013 census estimate was 756,832. However, the balance total of 609,893 excludes other incorporated places and semi-autonomous towns within the county and is the population listed in most sources and national rankings.

The Louisville-Jefferson County, KY-IN Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA), sometimes also referred to as Kentuckiana, includes Louisville-Jefferson County and twelve surrounding counties, eight in Kentucky and four in Southern Indiana. As of 2013, the MSA had a population of 1,262,261, ranking 43rd nationally.

Early history and founding
Painting of the head and shoulders of an older, gray-haired, balding man in a colonial-era military uniform (blue jacket with white lapels and gold epaullettes)
Louisville's founder, George Rogers Clark
The rapids at the Falls of the Ohio created a barrier to river travel and, as a result, settlements grew up at this stopping point. The first European settlement in the vicinity of modern-day Louisville was on Corn Island in 1778 by Col. George Rogers Clark, credited as the founder of Louisville. Several landmarks in the community are named after him.

Two years later, in 1780, the Virginia General Assembly approved the town charter of Louisville. The city was named in honor of King Louis XVI of France, whose soldiers were then aiding Americans in the Revolutionary War. Early residents lived in forts to protect themselves from Indian raids, but moved out by the late 1780s. In 1803, explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark organized their expedition across America in the town of Clarksville, Indiana at the present-day Falls of the Ohio opposite Louisville, Kentucky.

19th century
The city's early growth was influenced by the fact that river boats had to be unloaded and moved downriver before reaching the falls. By 1828, the population had swelled to 7,000 and Louisville became an incorporated city. The city grew rapidly in its formative years.

Louisville was a major shipping port and slaves worked in a variety of associated trades. The city was often a point of escape for slaves to the north, as Indiana was a free state.

During the Civil War, Louisville was a major stronghold of Union forces, which kept Kentucky firmly in the Union. It was the center of planning, supplies, recruiting and transportation for numerous campaigns, especially in the Western Theater. By the end of the war, Louisville had not been attacked, although skirmishes and battles, including the battles of Perryville and Corydon, took place nearby. After Reconstruction, returning Confederate veterans largely took political control of the city, leading to the jibe that Louisville joined the Confederacy after the war was over.

The first Kentucky Derby was held on May 17, 1875, at the Louisville Jockey Club track (later renamed Churchill Downs). The Derby was originally shepherded by Meriwether Lewis Clark, Jr., the grandson of William Clark of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, and grandnephew of the city's founder George Rogers Clark. Horse racing had a strong tradition in Kentucky, whose Inner Bluegrass Region had been a center of breeding high quality livestock throughout the 19th century. Ten thousand spectators watched the first Derby, where Aristides won.

On March 27, 1890 the city was devastated and its downtown nearly destroyed when an F4 tornado tore through as part of the middle Mississippi Valley tornado outbreak. An estimated 74 to 120 people were killed.

20th and 21st centuries
In late January and February 1937, 19 inches (48 cm) of rain fell during a month of heavy rain. It caused the "Great Flood of '37". The flood submerged about 70% of the city, caused the loss of power and forced the evacuation of 175,000 residents. It led to dramatic changes in where residents lived. Today, the city is protected by numerous flood walls. After the flood, the areas of high elevation in the eastern part of the city saw decades of residential growth.

Louisville was a center for factory war production during World War II. In May 1942, the U.S. government assigned the Curtiss-Wright Aircraft Company, a war plant located at Louisville's air field, for wartime aircraft production. The factory produced the C-46 Commando cargo plane, among other aircraft. In 1946 the factory was sold to International Harvester, which began large-scale production of tractors and agricultural equipment. In 1950, the Census Bureau reported Louisville's population as 84.3% white and 15.6% black.

Similar to many other older American cities, Louisville began to experience a movement of people and businesses to the suburbs in the 1960s and 1970s. Middle class residents used newly built freeways and interstate highways to commute to work, moving into more distant but newer housing. Because of tax laws, businesses found it cheaper to build new rather than renovate older buildings. Economic changes included a decline in local manufacturing. The West End and older areas of the South End, in particular, began to decline economically as many local factories closed.

In 1974, a major (F4) tornado hit Louisville as part of the Super Outbreak of tornadoes that struck 13 states. It covered 21 miles (34 km) and destroyed several hundred homes in the Louisville area. Only two people died.

Since the 1980s, many of the city's urban neighborhoods have been revitalized into areas popular with young professionals and college students. The greatest change has occurred along the Bardstown Road/Baxter Avenue and Frankfort Avenue corridors as well as the Old Louisville neighborhood. In recent years, such change has also occurred in the East Market District (NuLu).

Since the late 1990s, Downtown has experienced significant residential, tourist and retail growth, including the addition of major sports complexes KFC Yum! Center and Louisville Slugger Field, conversion of waterfront industrial sites into Waterfront Park, openings of varied museums (see Museums, galleries and interpretive centers below), and the refurbishing of the former Galleria into the bustling entertainment complex Fourth Street Live!, which opened in 2004.
Neighborhoods in Louisville KY
Aberdeen
Algonquin Terrace
Alhambra Heights
Anchorage
Anderson Park
Arborgate
Arlington
Artspace
Asbury Park
Ashmoor Woods
Audubon Park
Audubon Woods
Barbourmeade
Bardstown Woods
Beech Spring Farm
Beechmont
Beechwood Village
Bellemeade
Bon Air
Breckenridge Estates
Briargate
Bridgemore Estates
Bridges Of Razor Creek
Brighton Springs
Broadfields
Brookfield
Brookhaven
Brookhurst
Brownsboro Farms
California
Cambridge
Camelot
Cardinal Oaks
Catalpa Farms
Cedar Manor
Cedar Ridge
Charleswood Village
Chatham Park
Cherokee Gardens
Cherokee Hills
Cherokee Triangle
Clifton
Cloverleaf Acres
Coach Gate
Colonial Hill
Cooper Farms
Copperfield
Creekview
Crescent Hill
Crosscreeke
Crystal Waters
Doerhoefers
Douglass Hills
Eastview
Ele Gahn Tay Con
Estates Of St Anthony
Evergreen Point
Falls City Lofts
Falls Creek
Federal Hill
Fincastle
Flat Rock Ridge
Flatrock Ridge
Fleur De Lis
Floyds Fork Estate
Forest Hill
Forest Springs
Fox Run
Foxboro Manor
Gagel Park
Gardiner Lake Condo
Gardiner Park
Germantown
Glen Lakes
Glen Oaks
Glenmary
Glenmary Village
Glenview
Glenview Hills
Golden Meadows
Grand
Greenleaves
Grey Ledge
Grey Oaks
Hamilton Springs
Harris
Heatherfields
Heavenly Heights
Hidden Forest
Highgate Springs
Highland Park
Highlands
Hikes Point
Hill Ridge
Hills Of Beckley Station
Hillview
Hunters Hill
Hunters Pointe
Hunters Village
Hurstbourne
Hurstbourne Estate
Hurstbourne Ridge
Indian Falls
Indian Hills
Indian Springs
Indian Woods
Iroquois
Jefferson Trace
Kensington Place
Kenwood
Kirby Estates
Kirkwood Glen
Lake Dreamland
Lake Forest
Lake Forest Estates
Lake Forest Highlands
Lake Forest Legacy
Lakeside
Landherr Estates
Landis Lakes
Landis Springs
Leemont Acres
Lenox
Lexington Manor
Lillian
Lincoln Court
Lincolnshire
Little Spring Farm
Locust Creek
Locust Creek Estates
Mcarthur Fields
Meadow Vale
Mercantile Lofts
Meremont
Meridale
Merriwether & Davison
Midland Meadows
Mockingbird Gardens
Mockingbird Terrace
Mockingbird Valley
Monticello Place
Murray Hill
Netherwood
Norbourne Estates
Northfield
Norton Commons
Notting Hill
Nottingham Hills
Nutwood
Oak Hill Estates
Oakdale
Old Dorsey Place
Old Louisville
Old Vineyard Place
Orell Station
Overlook At Beech Spring Farm
Overlook At Floyds Fork
Owl Creek
Oxmoor Woods
Park Duvalle
Park Place
Parklane
Parkridge
Parkside
Parkway Terrace
Parkway Village
Pavilion Park
Peerless Ct
Persimmon Ridge
Phoenix Lofts
Pine Valley Estates
Plainview
Polo Fields
Polo Fields Heritage
Polo Fields Meadows
Poplar Lakes
Portland
Prairie Village
Primrose Meadows
Raintree Meadows
Rangeland
Regal Hills
Reserve Of Fox Run
Ridge At Old Henry
Rivers Landing
Rock Springs
Rockford View
Rolling Fields
Royal Ambassador
Russell
Saint Regis Park
Sanctuary Bluff
Saratoga Springs
Saratoga Woods
Schnitzelburg
Semple
Seven Oaks
Shakes Run
Shawnee
Shelby Park
Shively
Signature Point
Silver Oaks
Southlawn
Spring Farm Lake
Spring Lake Farm
Springhurst
St Matthews
St Regis Park
Stines Realty Company
Stone Lakes
Stone Lakes Estates
Stony Farms
Strathmoor
Strathmoor Manor
Strathmoor Village
Summit Gardens
The Estates Of St Anthony
The Fountains
The George
The Greens At Long Run Park
The Ridge At Old Henry
Timberbend
Timberline Estates
Troon At Landis Lake
Tuscany Ridge
Urton Woods
Valhalla Vista
Valley Downs
Valley Village
Valley Village Sec 2
Vantage Point
Villas At Dorsey
Warwick Village
Watch Hill
Waterfront Park Place
Watterson Woods
Wellington
Westholme
Westport Gardens
Westwood
Whispering Hills
Wilder Park
Wildwood Condominiums
Wilke Ridge
Willow Springs
Windgate Meadows
Windsor Forest
Windy Hills
Wolf Pen Springs
Wolfcreek
Woodland Manor
Woodlands Creek
Woodmont
Woods Of Crescent Hills
Woods Of Farnsley Moorman
Woods Of Penn Run
Woods Of St Andrews
Woods Of St Thomas
Woodstone
Worthington Hills
Wynfield
Yorktown North
Zachary Taylor